The case against Naziha El Khalidi • Naziha El Khalidi was arrested 4 December 2018 on the main avenue in Layounee Western Sahara when she was live-streaming a protest on the social media platform Facebook. • On 4 March 2019, Naziha Khalidi was arrested in her house in Layounee, Western Sahara, and brought to the police station where she was interrogated about her media activities. • On 6 March, she was charged with claiming to be associated with a profession (“Journalism”) that is regulated by law without meeting the necessary conditions to use it, pursuant to Article 381 of the Moroccan Penal Code. • Naziha was summoned to appear in front of the Court of First Instance in El Aaiún on 18 March 2019. The proceedings were the same date postponed until 20 May. • On 20 May 2019, the proceedings were again postponed until 24 June 2019. • On 24 June, the judge ruled that a verdict will be rendered on 8th July 2019. Today, the controversial case against Saharawi journailt Naziha El Khalidi commenced in front of the Court of First Instance in El Aaiun, Western Sahara. The king prosecutor upheld the charges against Naziha, and asked the court to find Naziha guilty. The judge anounced that a decision will be rendered on 8 July.
The case of Naziha is of importance to the people of Western Sahara, as it the Saharawi people’s own coverage of the human rights situation in the non-self-governing territory occupied by neighbouring state Morocco.
According to the king prosecutor, Naziha was affirming her guilt in front of the court, by invoking that Article 19 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political rights ensured her right to freedom of opinion and expression.
On 23 June, a total of five international observers had been expelled from El Aauin airport, preventing them from attending the trial of Naziha. On 24 June, the court was surrounded by police, both outside and within the premises of the courthouse. Saharawi activists wishing to attend the proceedings were allowed to enter.
Naziha invoked in front of the court that she is a journalist belonging to the Saharawi journalist organization Equipe Media, explaining that Equipe Media reports on the human rights situation in the occupied territories of Western Sahara. Naziha explained to the court that Equipe Media has been undertaking this kind of work for over a decade, and that Equipe Media is recognized by several human rights organizations and international media as a Saharawi journalist organization. She explained to the judge that Equipe Media has never been confronted with these kinds of allegations, and informed the court that the accusations against her has already been denounced as illegal by the UN Human Rights Mechanisms, Amnesty International, Human Rights Watch, and several other international organisations. Naziha further informed the judge about how her personal information available on her phone, currently taken by the office of the prosecutor, is being used in a "dirty" was, in order to intimidate and harass her.
The defence invoked that Morocco is obliged to abide by its international obligations, and to ensure its compliance with Article 19 of the International Convenant on Civil and Political rights. The defence invoked that the Moroccan constitution ensures that national law must be in compliance with international law, signed and ratified by Morocco. The prosecutor asked the judge to find Naziha guilty, urging that "we" are now in Morocco, and that the accused has to respect Moroccan national legislation, adding that Naziha had never been subjected to any form of ill-treatment or torture.
According to the prosecutor, the fact that Naziha had not signed the police records proved that she had not been tortured, since all that are tortured signs the police records (confessions). The judge ruled that a sentence will be rendered on 8th July in front of the Court of First Instance in El Aaiún. Upon leaving the court house, Naziha and her family was followed by the police, and her house is currently surrounded by the police.
As has been documented on countless occasions, Western Sahara remains a closed territory. The news in which international organizations receives from the occupied territories of Western Sahara comes from courageous Saharawi journalists and activists, belonging to Saharawi journalist's organisations such as Equipe Media. These journalists risks their own personal security in order to report on human rights violations and the humanitarian situation in the occupied territories of Western Sahara. This is the very reason for the accusations taken out against Naziha, in an attempt to silence the Saharawi journalists.
After the postponement of Naziha´s trial on 20 May, a communication sent by the UN Human Rights Mechanisms to the Moroccan Government was made public. The communication is dated 3 April 2019, and was signed on behalf of the UN Working Group on Arbitrary Detention, the Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of the Right to Freedom of Opinion and Expression and the Special Rapporteur on Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment.
The Special Rapporteurs held forth that the national legislation criminalizing independent reporting on the Western Sahara issue (Article 381 of the Moroccan Penal Code) is in violation of Morocco´s international obligations, and highlighted:
"Un système d'accréditation, d'octroi de licences ou un système similaire qui limite l'exercice des fonctions de journaliste ne peut jamais être conforme à l'article 19 (CCPR/C/GC/34 paragraphe 44). Par extension, l'imposition de sanctions pénales en cas de non-respect d'un tel système constituera une interférence disproportionnée avec l'article 19 (3). L’invocation de la sécurité nationale ou d'autres motifs similaires pour engager des poursuites contre des journalistes est incompatible avec l'article 19 (CCPR/C/GC/34, paragraphe 30). De même, la limitation de la liberté d'expression des journalistes pour leur critique du Gouvernement ou de la structure politique et sociale ne répondra pas à l'exigence de nécessité énoncée au paragraphe 3 de l'article 19 et sera donc incompatible avec le Pacte, voir CDH Observation générale n° 34, paragraphe 42. Enfin, l'État a le devoir d'enquêter sur les agressions et la détention arbitraire de journalistes, en vue de poursuivre et de punir les responsables, Observation générale n° 34, paragraphe 23."
Since 1975, three quarters of the territory of Western Sahara has been occupied by Morocco. A majority of the population is still living in refugee camps in Algeria. Those who remained in their homeland are subjected to serious harassment from the Moroccan occupiers. For more than 40 years the Sahrawis have been waiting for the fullfilment of their legitimate right to self-determination.
Give a donation!
Support the Support Committee. Help us work for the Sahrawi people's struggle for self-determination. Give a donation here.